2015

Mains – 2015 Challenge 1

Mains – 2015 Challenge 2

Mains – 2015 Challenge 3 Sept 07

Mains – 2015 Challenge 4 Sept 08

Mains – 2015 Challenge 5 Sept 09

Mains – 2015 Challenge 6: Sept 10

Mains – 2015 Challenge 7: Sept 11

Mains-2015 Challenge 8: Sept 14

Mains – 2015 Challenge 9: Sept 15

Mains – 2015 Challenge 10: Sept 16

Mains – 2015 Challenge 11: Sept 17

Mains – 2015 Challenge 12: Sept 18

Mains – 2015 Challenge 13: Sept 21

Mains – 2015 Challenge 14: Sept 22

Mains – 2015 Challenge 15: Sept 23

Mains – 2015 Challenge 16: Sept 26

Mains – 2015 Challenge 17: Sept 28

Mains – 2015 Challenge 18: Sept 29

Mains – 2015 Challenge 19: Sept 30

Mains – 2015 Challenge 21: Oct – 06

Mains – 2015 Challenge 22: Oct – 07

Mains – 2015 Challenge 23: Oct – 08

Mains – 2015 Challenge 24: Oct – 09

Mains – 2015 Challenge 25: Oct – 12

Mains – 2015 Challenge 26: Oct – 14

Mains – 2015 Challenge 27: Oct – 15

Mains – 2015 Challenge 28: Oct – 16

Mains – 2015 Challenge 29: Oct – 19

Mains – 2015 Challenge 30: Oct – 20

Mains – 2015 Challenge 31: Oct – 21

Mains – 2015 Challenge 32: Oct – 22

Mains – 2015 Challenge 33: Oct – 26

Mains – 2015 Challenge 34: Oct – 27

Mains – 2015 Challenge 35: Oct – 29

Mains – 2015 Challenge 36: Oct – 31

 

2014

Mains – 2014 Challenge -1

Mains – 2014 Challenge – 2

Mains – 2014 Challenge – 3

Mains – 2014 Challenge – 4

Mains – 2014 Challenge – 5

Mains – 2014 Challenge – 6

Mains – 2014 Challenge – 7

Mains- 2014 Challenge – 8

Mains – 2014 Challenge – 9

Mains – 2014 Challenge – 10

Mains – 2014 Challenge – 11

Mains – 2014 Challenge – 12

Mains – 2014 Challenge – 13

Mains – 2014 Challenge – 14

Mains – 2014 Challenge – 15

Mains – 2014 Challenge – 16

Mains – 2014 Challenge – 17

Mains – 2014 Challenge – 18

Mains – 2014 Challenge – 19

Mains – 2014 Challenge – 20

Mains – 2014 Challenge – 21

Mains – 2014 Challenge – 22

Mains – 2014 Challenge – 23

Mains – 2014 Challenge – 24

Mains – 2014 Challenge – 25

Mains – 2014 Challenge – 26

Mains – 2014 Challenge – 27

Mains – 2014 Challenge – 28

Mains – 2014 Challenge – 29

Mains – 2014 Challenge – 30

Mains – 2014 Challenge – 31

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Challenge 1

  1. What are nappes? Explain the theories related to origin of rift valleys.

  1. ‘Certainly the problem of mountain building is one in which the hypothesis of continental rift solves more difficulties than it creates’. Explain in the light of continental drift theory by Alfred Wegener.

ANSWERS

Challenge 2

Topic: Geomorphology (Isostasy)

  1. ‘Both the views appear similar but not the same.’ In light of the statement give detailed comparative analysis of the views of Airy and Pratt on isostasy. (200 words)

  1. With suitable diagrams explain concept of Holmes on isostasy. (200 words)

ANSWERS

Challenge 3

Topic: Models, Theories & Laws in Human Geography

1.Write shote note : Gravity Model. (200 words)

2.Write a note on Weight Triangle. (200 words)

ANSWERS

Challenge 4

Topic: Models, Theories & Laws in Human Geography

1. Bring out the sequential improvements in models of city structure by E.W Burgess, Homeer, Hoyt and Harris and Ullam. (300 words/ CSM 2010)

2. Write shote note : Isolated State (200 words/ CSM 2002)

ANSWERS

Challenge 5

Topic: Population and Settlement Geography

  1. Write short explanatory note on Secondary cities in the context of urbanization in developing world. (200 words/ CSM 2012)

2. Elaborate the concept of Megalopolis and discuss the characteristics and problems related to two such regions selecting one each from North America and Europe.  (200 words/ CSM 2009)

ANSWERS

Challenge 6

Topic:Population and settlement Geography

Question 1

Write explanatory note Misra`s theoretical stage of Rural- Urban Process. (200 words/ CSM 2013)

Question 2

” Urban Solid Waste Management poses the greatest challenge in Metropolitan planning’. Elaborate. (250 words/ CSM 2013)

ANSWERS

Challenge 7

Topic:Population and settlement Geography

Question 1

” Urban Geography is nothing but city ” in ” area and city “as” area . Elaborate. (200 words)

Question 2

“Colonial forces resulted in the Primate Pattern of urban process in most Southeast Asian countries “. Discuss (200 words)

ANSWERS

Challenge 8

TOPIC: POPULATION AND SETTLEMENT GEOGRAPHY

Question 1

Regional Shifts in the world characteristics of urban process. (200 words)

Question 2

Bring out the contrast between the internal structure of the pre-industrial and industrial cities

ANSWERS

Challenge 9

Topic: Regional Planning

Question 1

Explain the Regional shifts in the world characteristics of urban process. (200 words)

Question 2

Elucidate the role of Tribal Development Blocks In the development of Tribal Areas. (200 words)

ANSWERS

Challenge 10

Topic: Regional Planning

Question 1

 Give the hierarchy of planning regions and bring about the role of metropolitan planning in fostering regional development in India.

Question 2

Differentiate between River basin and command Area. Discuss the advantage and disadvantage of River Basins as planning regions in India.

ANSWERS

Challenge 11

TOPIC: REGIONAL PLANNING

Question 1

Examine the geographical bases for growth of regional consciousness and relionalism. (200 words)

Question 2

Write a note : Role of rural markets in regional development. (200 words)

ANSWERS

Challenge 12

Topic:Regional Planning

Question 1

Discuss the objectives of ‘Vision 2020′ in creation of viable village complex in India for inclusive Rural Development programme. (200 words)

Question 2

City regions as territorial unit for regional planning and development. Elaborate (200 words).

ANSWERS

Challenge 13

TOPIC: SETTLEMENT

Question 1

 Write a note on emergence of National Settlement System in colonial India and discuss the factors contributing to urbanization in post-independence period. (200 words)

Question 2

Morphological characteristics of villages situated in hilly regions. (200 words)

ANSWERS

Challenge 14

TOPIC: SETTLEMENT

Question 1

Differentiate between conurbations and metrolitan regions. Give a reasoned account of emerging conurbations in India. (300 words/CSM 2011)

Question 2

Outline the role of Class I and Class II towns in the urban process of India and indicate their contribution towards balanced urban development.  (300 words/CSM 2011)

ANSWERS

Challenge 15

TOPIC: SETTLEMENT

Question 1

 Explain the morphology of Indian cities in the background of excisting morphological models. (200 words)

Question 2

Provide the geographical background and characteristics of the distribution of Hill Stations of India. (200 words)

ANSWERS

Challenge 16

TOPIC: SETTLEMENT

Question 1

Hierarchical pattern of Indian towns. (200 words/CSM 1999)

Question 2

Write short note: Land use characteristics of the rural-urban fringe in India. (200 words/ CSM 1995)

ANSWERS

Challenge 17

TOPIC: SETTLEMENT

Question 1

 Write short note : internal structure of an Indian city. (200 words/ CSm 1995)

Question 2

Write short note: Function, classification and hierarchy of urban settlement. (200 words/ CSm 1990)

ANSWERS

Challenge 18

TOPIC: SETTLEMENT

Question

 State the geographical factors which influence rural house types in India. (300 words/ CSM 2009)

ANSWERS

Challenge 19

TOPIC: CULTURAL SETTING 

Question

Discuss the causes and consequences of sex-ratio variations in India. (200 words/ CSM 2006)

ANSWERS

Challenge 20

 TOPIC: CULTURAL SETTING

Question 

Describe the impact of linguistic diversity on the development of various regions of India. (200 words)

ANSWERS

Challenge 21

Topic: CULTURAL SETTING

Question

Write a note on Demographic dividend and its implications on environment. (200 words).

ANSWERS

Challenge 22

 Topic: CULTURAL SETTING

Question 

Enumerate the basic indicators of development and explain their application in identification of spatial diversity in the development in India. (200 words)

ANSWERS

Challenge 23

 Topic: Map pointing

Question

On the outline map of india mark the location of all of the following. Also write the significance of these locations, whether physical/commercial/economic/ecological/environmental/cultural in not more than 40 words.
1. Kishenganga
2.Tso moriri
3.Banihal
4.Kangra valley
5.Pong Dam
6. Manikaran

ANSWERS

Challenge 24

 Question 1

 Differences between Normal cycle and Arid cycle of Davis. (150 words)

Question 2

Differentiate Storm Surges and Seiches.  (150 words)

Question 3

On the outline map of india mark the location of all of the following. Also write the significance of these locations, whether physical/commercial/economic/ecological/environmental/cultural in not more than 40 words.

1.Luni
2.Deedwana lake
3.Lipulekh
4.Tehri
5. Rajaji National Park
6.Kamet

ANSWERS

Challenge 25

 Question 1

 Uniqueness of fauna in the Notogean realm. (150 words)

Question 2

Impact of Pleistocene Ice Age on the crust of the Earth. (150 words)

Question 3

On the outline map of india mark the location of all of the following. Also write the significance of these locations, whether physical/commercial/economic/ecological/environmental/cultural in not more than 40 words

1.Khetri
2.Sariska
3.Gandhi Sagar
4. Vaishno devi

ANSWERS

Challenge 26

Question 1

With suitable examples, bring out the impact of local winds on the climate of an area. (250 words)

Question 2

What is ‘Base level’? Explain the types of base level. (250 words)

Question 3

On the outline map of india mark the location of all of the following. Also write the significance of these locations, whether physical/commercial/economic/ecological/environmental/cultural in not more than 40 words

1.Bhima river
2. Rana pratap sagar
3. Panna hills
4. Koyna dam
5. Nal sarovar bird sanctuary
6. Ankleshwar

ANSWERS

Challenge 27

Topic: Economic Geography – INDUSTRY

Question 1

Distributional pattern of industries in India does not provide requisite basis for division of country into distinct Industrial Regions. Elaborate. (200 words)

Question 2

On the outline map of india mark the location of all of the following. Also write the significance of these locations, whether physical/commercial/economic/ecological/environmental/cultural in not more than 40 words.

1. Manjra
2.Lonar
3. Girnar hills
4.  Burhanpur/ Khandwa gap
5. Kalsubai

ANSWERS

Challenge 28

 Topic: Economic Geography – INDUSTRY

Question 1

Explain the role of multinationals in globalization of industries in India. (200 words) 

Question 2

On the outline map of india mark the location of all of the following. Also write the significance of these locations, whether physical/commercial/economic/ecological/environmental/cultural in not more than 40 words

1. Banas
2. Nakki lake
3. Thaga la
4. Jawahar Sagar
5. Keoladeo N.P

ANSWERS

Challenge 29

 Topic: Economic Geography – INDUSTRY

Question 1

Discuss the problems in realization of benefits of globalization and liberalization in industrial sector of India.  (200 words)

Question 2

On the outline map of india mark the location of all of the following. Also write the significance of these locations, whether physical/commercial/economic/ecological/environmental/cultural in not more than 40 words.

1. Burhi gandak
2. Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar
3. Nathu la
4. Panchet 
5. Dudwa N.P

ANSWERS

Challenge 30

Topic: Economic Geography – INDUSTRY

Question

Assess the scope and development of Pharmaceutical Industry in India. (200 words)

Question 2

On the outline map of india mark the location of all of the following. Also write the significance of these locations, whether physical/commercial/economic/ecological/ environmental/cultural in not more than 40 words

  1. Subarnrekha
  2. Rajmahal hills
  3. Hirakud
  4. Simlipal N.P
  5. Balimela Reservoir

ANSWERS

Challenge 31

 Topic: Economic Geography – INDUSTRY

Question 1

 Examine the problems and prospects of agro-based industries in Bihar. (200 words)

Map pointing

On the outline map of india mark the location of all of the following. Also write the significance of these locations, whether physical/commercial/economic/ecological/ environmental/ cultural in not more than 40 words

1. Gaya
2. Darjeeling
3. Raniganj
4. New moore island
5. Renukut

ANSWERS

Challenge 32

 Topic: Economic Geography – INDUSTRY

Question

Explain the factors promoting the rapid growth and development of automobile industry in India, giving suitable examples. (200 words)

ANSWERS

Challenge 33

 Topic: Economic Geography – INDUSTRY

Question

Analyse the role of policy of liberalization on industrial landscape of India. (200 words)

ANSWERS

Challenge 34

 Topic: Economic Geography – INDUSTRY

Question 

Discuss the factors for the localisation of cement industry in india and analyse the pattern of its distribution. (200 words)

ANSWERS

Challenge 35

 Topic: Economic Geography – INDUSTRY

Question 

Write a short note on location and growth of fertilizer Industry in India. (200 words/CSM 1988)

ANSWERS

Challenge 36

 Topic: Economic Geography – INDUSTRY

Question

 Identify the spatial pattern of agro-industrial region in India. Analyse the potentiality of Malwa as an important agro-industrial region of future.  (200 words/ CSM 2012)

Map pointing

On the outline map of india mark the location of all of the following. Also write the significance of these locations, whether physical/commercial/economic/ecological/ environmental/ cultural in not more than 40 words

1. Dibang
2. Mikir hills
3. Bomdila
4. Loktak
5. Nokrek biosphere reserve

ANSWERS

Challenge 37

Topic: Economic Geography – Transport , Communication & Trade

Question

Examine the role of road transport in regional development taking suitable examples from an area you have studied in detail.  (200 words/CSM 2012)

ANSWERS

Challenge 38

 Topic: Economic Geography – Transport , Communication & Trade

Question

Assess the growing importance of air transport in India and examine its role in the regional development of the country.(300 words/CSM 2011)

ANSWERS

Challenge 39

 Topic: Economic Geography – Transport , Communication & Trade

Question 1

What is the role of Triplet Transport System in the regional development of India. (300 words/CSM 2009)

Map pointing

On the outline map of india mark the location of all of the following. Also write the significance of these locations, whether physical/commercial/economic/ecological/ environmental/cultural in not more than 40 words

1. Amravati
2. Ashtamudi
3. Cardamom hills
4. Palaghat
5. Saddle peak

ANSWERS

Challenge 40

 Topic: Economic Geography – Transport , Communication & Trade

Question

Critically examine the complementary and competitive character of the Indian rail routes and the road network. (300 words/ CSM 1999)

Map pointing

On the outline map of india mark the location of all of the following. Also write the significance of these locations, whether physical/commercial/economic/ecological/environmental/cultural in not more than 40 words

1. Idukki
2. Silent valley N.P
3. Kasargod
4. Salem
5. Duncan passage

ANSWERS

Challenge 41

 Topic: Economic Geography – Transport , Communication & Trade

Question

Role of rural market centres in fostering intra and inter-regional trade in india. (300 words/CSM 1999)

Map pointing

On the outline map of india mark the location of all of the following. Also write the significance of these locations, whether physical/commercial/economic/ecological/ environmental/cultural in not more than 40 words

1.Pachmalai hills
2. Nanda devi
3. Mana pass
4. Gandhi sagar
5. Desert national park

ANSWERS

Challenge 42

 Topic: Economic Geography – Transport , Communication & Trade

Question 

Geographical impediments in the development of Inland waterways in India. (200 words/ CSM 1996)

ANSWERS

Challenge 43

 Topic: Economic Geography – Transport , Communication & Trade

Question 

Discuss briefly the overall pattern of inter-regional trade in India. (200 words/ CSM 1993)

ANSWERS

Challenge 44

 Topic: Economic Geography – RESOURCES

Question

Discuss the problems in realization of benefits of globalization and liberalization in industrial sector of India (Industry Paper II)  (150 words/CSM 2013)

Map pointing

On the outline map of india mark the location of all of the following. Also write the significance of these locations, whether physical/commercial/economic/ecological/ environmental /cultural in not more than 40 words

1. Aravali Range
2. Nagtiba range
3. Nahargarh national park
4.Badrinath
5. Kota barrage

ANSWERS

Challenge 45

Topic: Economic Geography – RESOURCES

Question 

Discuss the potentiality and present status of horticulture in the Western and Central himalaya. (200 words/CSM 2013)

ANSWERS

Challenge 46

 Topic: Economic Geography – RESOURCES

Question 

Write about Karewa deposits and their economic significance. (150 words/CSM 2011)

Map Pointing

On the outline map of india mark the location of all of the following. Also write the significance of these locations, whether physical/commercial/economic/ecological/ environmental/cultural in not more than 40 words

1. Bhavani
2. Periyar
3.Stanley Reservoir
4.Javadi hills
5. Shenkotta gap

ANSWERS

Challenge 47

Topic: Economic Geography – RESOURCES

Question

Assess as to how surface water utilisation affects food production and food security in the country. (300 words/CSM 2010)

MAP POINTING

On the outline map of india mark the location of all of the following. Also write the significance of these locations, whether physical/commercial/economic/ecological/  environmental/cultural in not more than 40 words:

 1. Mandovi

2. Pennuru

3. Linganamakki Reservoir

4. Baba Bhudan Hills

5. Tungabhadra

ANSWERS

Challenge 48

 Topic: Economic Geography – RESOURCES

Question 

Suggest appropriate energy policy for minimising energy crisis in India. (200 words/CSM 2008)

ANSWERS

Challenge 49

Topic: Economic Geography – RESOURCES

Question 

Identify the important biotic resources regions of India.Highlight, in brief the problems and remedial measures of biotic-resource conservation in India. (400 words/CSM 2004)

ANSWERS

Challenge 50

Topic: Economic Geography – RESOURCES

Question 

Examine the resources of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. (200 words/CSM 1998)

Map pointing

On the outline map of india mark the location of all of the following. Also write the significance of these locations, whether physical/commercial/economic/ecological/ environmental/cultural in not more than 40 words:

1. Damodar
2. Chilka
3. Ramgarh hills
4. Malaygiri
5. Konar hydel station

ANSWERS

Challenge 51

 Topic: Economic Geography – AGRICULTURE

Question

Explain the method of delineating crop-association regions with reference to India. (150 words/ CSM 2013)

ANSWERS

Challenge 52

Topic: Economic Geography – AGRICULTURE

Question

Divide India into agricultural regions and critically examine the role of ecological and human factors responsible for transformation of agricultural economy in any country.(300 words/ CSM 2012)

ANSWERS

Challenge 53

Topic:Economic Geography – AGRICULTURE

Question

Write about the prospects of Rainbow Revolution in India. (200 words/CSM 2011)

Map pointing

On the outline map of india mark the location of all of the following. Also write the significance of these locations, whether physical/commercial/economic/ecological/environmental/cultural in not more than 40 words:

1. Ghagra
2. Sarda
3. Jelep la
4. Farakha barrage
5. Sundarban biosphere reserve

 ANSWERS

Challenge 54

Topic: Economic Geography – AGRICULTURE

Question 

Discuss the potentiality and status of aqua-culture in the Ganga Plain. (200 words/CSM 2011)

ANSWERS

Challenge 55

Topic: Economic Geography – AGRICULTURE

Question 

Discuss the bases of identifying agro-climatic zones and explain the core strategies for agricultural development. (400 words/CSM 2008)

Map pointing

On the outline map of india mark the location of all of the following. Also write the significance of these locations, whether physical/commercial/economic/ ecological/environmental/cultural in not more than 40 words:

  1. Indravati national park
  2. Sanjay national park
  3. Mahendragiri
  4. Bailadila
  5. Chandipur

ANSWERS

Challenge 56

Topic: Economic Geography – AGRICULTURE

Question 

Discuss the cropping patterns in different agricultural regions of India. (400 words/ CSM 1998)

ANSWERS

Challenge 57

Topic: Economic Geography – AGRICULTURE

Question

Divide Pensinsular India into agricultural regions. Explain the basis of such a regionalisation. (400 words/CSM 1997)

ANSWERS

Challenge 58

Topic: Economic Geography – AGRICULTURE

Question 

Differentiate between agricultural efficiency and agricultural productivity and discuss the methods used in the determination of agricultural efficiency in India. (400 words/ CSM 1994)

ANSWERS

Challenge 59

Topic: Economic Geography – AGRICULTURE

Question

 Discuss the role of social forestry in any one region of India. (200 words/CSM 1992)

ANSWERS

Challenge 60

Topic: Economic Geography – AGRICULTURE

Question

Discuss the role of animal husbandry in the agricultural economy of India with special reference to any one region. (200 words/CSM 1991)

ANSWERS

Challenge 61

Topic: Economic Geography – AGRICULTURE

Question 

Give an account of the infrastructural factors necessary for prompting agricultural development in the dry zones of India with specific examples. (400 words/CSM 1986)

ANSWERS

Challenge 62

Topic: Economic Geography

Question

Role of Venezuela in the production and export of oil. (200 words/CSM 2013)

 ANSWERS

Challenge 63

Topic: Economic Geography

Question

Analyse the causes for changes in the pattern of world trade.(400 words/CSM 2013)

ANSWERS

Challenge 64

Topic: Economic Geography

Question

Problems faced by industries which developed due to inertia. (200 words/CSM 2012)

ANSWERS

Challenge 65

Topic: Economic Geography

Question

Impact of failure of monsoon on Gujarat Agro-climate zone. (250 words/ CSM 2012)

ANSWERS

Challenge 66

Topic: Economic Geography

Question

Locational significance of Rotterdam in European economy.(250 words/CSM 2012)

 ANSWERS

Challenge 67

Topic: Economic Geography

Question 

Discuss the role of World Trade organisation in determining the pattern of world trade. (200 words/CSM 2010)

ANSWERS

Challenge 68

Topic: Economic Geography

Question

Provide a geographical account of global production and distribution of food . (200 words/CSM 2009)

ANSWERS

Challenge 69

Topic: Economic Geography

Question

 Write short note : Type of farming. (300 words/CSM 1998)

ANSWERS

Challenge 70

Topic: Economic Geography

Question 

Write short note : Globalization of trade and industry. (300 words/CSM 1996)

ANSWERS

Challenge 71

Topic: Economic Geography

 Question

Write short note : Measures of agricultural efficiency. (250 words/CSM 1993)

ANSWERS

Challenge 72

Topic: Economic Geography

 Question 

Write short note : Land capability versus land use efficiency. (250 words/ CSM 1992)

ANSWERS

Challenge 73

Topic: PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY – GEOMORPHOLOGY

 Question

Write a short note: Systems approach to landform analysis.(200 words/ CSM 2012)

ANSWERS

Challenge 74

Topic: PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY – GEOMORPHOLOGY

Question

Write a short note: Major components of IGBP. (200 words/CSM 2012)

ANSWERS

Challenge 75

Topic: PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY – GEOMORPHOLOGY

Question

Characteristics of the standards epigene cycle of erosion.(250 words/CSM 2012)

ANSWERS

Challenge 76

Topic: PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY – GEOMORPHOLOGY

Question

”Offshore Acoustic Study helped the development of the concept of sea floor spreading.” Explain. (250 words/CSM 2013)

ANSWERS

Challenge 77

Topic: PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY – GEOMORPHOLOGY

Question

Write a short note: Classification of Earth Movement. (200 words/ CSM 1992)

ANSWERS

Challenge 78

Topic: PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY – GEOMORPHOLOGY

Question 

Write a short note: Treppen Concept. (250 words/CSM 1993)

ANSWERS

Challenge 79

Topic: PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY – GEOMORPHOLOGY

Question 

”Structure is a dominant control factor in the evolution of landform” Discuss with suitable examples. (200 words/CSM 2002)

ANSWERS

Challenge 80

Topic:  PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY – GEOMORPHOLOGY

Question 

Highlight the Geomorphic features essentially found in the topographies under the Second Cycle of erosion. (200 words/CSM 2009)

ANSWERS

Challenge 81

Topic: PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY – GEOMORPHOLOGY

Question

Give a brief account of the principal land biomes and their latitudinal distribution.(200 words/CSM 2009)

ANSWERS

Challenge 82

Topic: PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY – GEOMORPHOLOGY

Question

Discuss views on Slope development provided by L.C.King. (200 words/CSM 2009)

ANSWERS

Challenge 83

Topic: PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY – GEOMORPHOLOGY

Question

Write a short note on Geomagnetism and paleomagnetism. (200 words/ CSM 2011)

ANSWERS

Challenge 84

Topic: PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY – GEOMORPHOLOGY

Question

Name the climatically controlled agents of erosion. Explain how they differ in terms of properties of matter.Compare the landforms produced by each of them. (400 words/CSM 2011)

ANSWERS

Challenge 85

Topic: PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY – CLIMATOLOGY

Question

Impact of Cryosphere on global Climate. (250 words/CSM 2012)

ANSWERS

Challenge 86

Topic: PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY – CLIMATOLOGY

Question

Differentiate Storm Surge and Seiches. (200 words/CSM 2013)

ANSWERS

Challenge 87

Topic: PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY – CLIMATOLOGY

Question

What are the characteristics that make CHC a serious threat to the ecosystem? Give examples. (200 words/ CSM 2013)

ANSWERS

Challenge 88

Topic: PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY – CLIMATOLOGY

Question 

Bring out the relationship between climate abd vegetation in the Mountain Biome. (250 words/CSM 2013)

ANSWERS

Challenge 89

Topic: PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY – CLIMATOLOGY

Question 

Write a short note on Tropical atmospheric instability .(300 words/csm 2009)

ANSWERS

Challenge 90

Topic: PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY – OCEANOGRAPHY

Question

”Atolls present the most challenging explanation in the evolution of coral reefs”, Discuss. (250 words/CSM 2012)

ANSWERS

Challenge 91

Topic: PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY – OCEANOGRAPHY

Question

Explain the scientifically sound methods of bathymetry. (200 words/CSM 2010)

ANSWERS

Challenge 92

Topic: PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY – OCEANOGRAPHY

Question

Comment on marine heat budget and the oceanic circulation system. (200 words/CSM 2009)

ANSWERS

Challenge 93

Topic: PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY – OCEANOGRAPHY

Question

Write a short note : T-S diagram (200 words/CSM 2000)

ANSWERS

Challenge 94

Topic:  PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY – OCEANOGRAPHY

Question 

Draw a hypsographic curve to represent the major physiographic units of the ocean and comment on their permanency. (400 words/CSM 1992)

ANSWERS

Challenge 95

Topic: PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY – OCEANOGRAPHY

Question

Give a reasoned account of the contents of the Atlantic Ocean and their impact on the climatic condition of coastal regions. (400 words/CSM 1987)

ANSWERS

Challenge 96

Topic: PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY – BIOGEOGRAPHY

Question

Write a short note on Floristic Kingdoms, based on their global distribution. (200 words/CSM 2010)

ANSWERS

Challenge 97

Topic: PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY – BIOGEOGRAPHY

Question 

Adoptation and distribution of animals in the Ethiopian realm. (200 words/CSM 2012)

ANSWERS

Challenge 98

Topic:  PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY – BIOGEOGRAPHY

Question

Uniqueness of fauna in the Notogean realm. (150 words/CSM 2013)

ANSWERS

Challenge 99

Topic: PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY – Physical Setting

Question

Discuss the role of spatial pattern of rainfall and temperature in the delimitation of climatic regions of india, specially with reference to stamp`s climatic regionalization. (300 words/CSM 2012)

ANSWERS

Challenge 100

 Topic:  PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY – Physical Setting

 Question 

Give reasons as to why rainfall variability is a characteristic feature of India`s monsoons. (300 words/ CSM 2009)

ANSWERS

Challenge 101

Topic:  PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY – Physical Setting

Question

Give a brief account of the second-order regions of India`s Peninsular Plateau.(200 words)

ANSWERS

Challenge 102

Topic:  PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY – Physical Setting

Question

Explain the factors responsible for uneven distribution of rainfall in India. (300 words/CSM 1995)

ANSWERS

Challenge 103

Topic:  PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY – Physical Setting

Question 

Give an outline of the geological history of the Peninsular india and in its term.Explain the salient features of the relief of the areas. (200 words/CSM 1989)

ANSWERS

2013

21) Geography 20/11/2013

QUESTIONS: 20/11/2013

  1. “The economic development of a country depends as much on he stage of development of the people as on the able resources. Discuss this statement with examples. (300 Words)
  2. Asses the comparative geographical importance of the power resources in the development of industrial landscape of India. (300 Words)
  3. Present the classification of Oceanic deposits and account for the origin, types and distribution of Pelagic deposits in the World Oceans.(300 Words)

ANSWERS

20) Geography 19/11/2013

QUESTIONS: 19/11/2013

  1. Critically examine the concept of optimum population. (200 Words)
  2. Linguistic regions in India may have a cultural reality but no economic base. Examine this view illustrate your answer with suitable examples.(300 Words)
  3. Discuss the genetic classification of international boundaries. How does it differ from the morphological classification? (200 Words)

ANSWERS

19) Geography 15/11/2013

QUESTIONS: 16/11/2013

  1. Provide a critique of the ‘geographical cycle’ model, propounded by Davis. (300 Words)
  2. Write in detail on the concept of biosphere as an ecosystem. (300 Words)
  3. Write an essay on sustainable development from the perspective of Geography. (300 Words)
  4. Explain the causes, impacts and remedial measures of earthquake disaster.(300 Words)

ANSWERS

18) Geography 14/11/2013

QUESTIONS: 14/11/2013

  1. Critically examine the development of determinism and possibilism in Geography. (300 Words)
  2.  Discuss the petroleum resources of the Middle East and its impact on international politics.(300 Words)
  3.  Discuss the general distributional pattern of industrial development in the world and its associated problems. (300 Words)

ANSWERS

17. Geography 13/11/2013

QUESTIONS: 13/11/2013

  1. Differentiate between River Basin and Command Area. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of River Basins as planning regions in India. Give concrete examples. (300 Words)
  2. Demarcate the major industrial regions of India and analyse the structure and contribution to the national economy of any one of them.(300 Words)
  3. Discuss in detail the Heartland concept of Mackinder and the criticism it has attracted  in recent years. (300 Words)
  4. Discuss the problems of the tribal areas and suggest measures for solving them. (300 Words)

ANSWERS

16. Geography 12/11/2013

QUESTIONS: 12/11/2013

  1. Discuss the role of languages in regional consciousness and national integration in India.(300  Words)
  2. Discuss the cropping patterns in different agricultural regions of India. (300 Words)
  3. Critically examine the locational pattern and trend of production of forest based industries in India (200 Words)
  4. Examine critically the theories of the formation of coral reefs and atolls. (300 Words)

ANSWERS

15. Geography – 08/11/2013

  1. Give a critical assessment of the concept of rural –urban fringe. What criteria would you suggest to democrat the rural urban fringe of Indian cities? (300 Words)
  2. “The direct effect of physical factors on the distribution of population tends to decline as civilization becomes more advanced.” Discuss this statement. (300 Words)
  3. Account for the causes of soil erosion in India and discuss the method to control it. (200 Words)
  4. “The economic development of a country depends as much on he stage of development of the people as on the able resources.” Discuss this statement with examples. (300 Words)

ANSWERS

14. Geography – 04/11/2013

QUESTIONS: 08/11/2013

  1. Explain the term resource management. Discuss its relevance in the context of global resource scarcity and the future of mankind. (300 Words)
  2.  Examine the impact of advanced agricultural technology on environment. Support  your answer with examples. (300 Words)
  3. Critically examine the problems and prospects of tribal areas in India. (300 Words)
  4.  Discuss the cropping patterns in different agricultural regions of India. (300 Words)

ANSWERS

13. Geography – 03/11/2013

QUESTIONS: 07/11/2013

  1. Discuss the major international streams of migration in the world in recent times and account for the relationship that exists between population pressure areas and migration  prospects. (300 Words)
  2. Answer any three of the following in about 250 words each:
    (a) Explain the geographical factors responsible for the growth of mangrove vegetation in India and discuss its role in coastal ecology.
    (b) Elucidate the current population policy of India and comment on its effectiveness.
    (c) Explain the role of institutional factors in the development of agriculture in India.
  3. Critically examine the marine resources of India and discuss the problems
    encountered in their development. (300 Words)

ANSWERS

12. Geography – 02/11/2013

QUESTIONS: 02/01/2013

  1. Examine the theories about population control and explain the relative merits of these  theories in limiting population growth. (300 Words)
  2. Write a short note on  Land-use characteristics of the rural urban fringe in India. (200 Words)
  3. Explain, with the help of suitable examples and illustrations, the distribution of various  patterns of rural settlements in India (300 Words)

ANSWERS

11. Geography – 01/11/2013

QUESTIONS: 01/11/2013

  1.   Suggest appropriate energy policy for minimizing energy crisis in India. (200 words)
  2. Enumerate alternative strategies of planning for backward regions. (200 words)
  3.   Discuss the application of Geomorphology in the fields of mineral & oil exploration and hydrology. (250 words)

 Map Entries (30 words)

a.  Sagar Island

b.  Gulf of Mannar

c.  Mullaperiyar

d. Rameswaram

e. Bodh Gaya

 f.  Lepakshi

g. Melagiri

h.  Bhagirathi

ANSWERS

10.  Geography – 31/10/2013

QUESTIONS: 31/10/2013

  1.  “ Extinction of species is an inherent natural ecological process that operates at much larger scale while man-induced extinction is a myth”. Examine this statement in the light of major mass extinctions  in the geological history. (300 words)
  2.  Write a short note on faunal regions, based on their global distribution (200 words)
  3. Provide a broad classification of world cultural regions. (CSM 2009, 300 words)

Map Entries (30 words)

a.  Vypin

b. Divar

c.  Kudankulam

d. Bhaidar

e. Achankovil

f. Kedarnath

g.  Jetpur

h. Noyyal

ANSWERS

9. Geography – 30/10/2013

QUESTIONS:30/10/2013 (Paper-I and II)

  1.   Identify the spatial pattern of fertilizer consumption in India. Also examine the rationale behind balanced fertilizer use in India.  (300 words)
  2.  Analyse the food security concerns of world in reference to changing demand. (300 words)
  3.  “Andaman and Nicobar Islands are potential site for multiple hazards”, Discuss. (300 Words)
  4.  Bring out the potential impacts, vulnerability and resilience of fisheries sector to climate change in India. (300 Words)

ANSWERS

8. Geography – 28/10/2013

QUESTIONS: 28/10/2013

  1. Assess the scope and development of agricultural machinery and equipment industry in India. (300 Words)
  2. Write a note on impact of land tenure on agricultural productivity in India. (200 Words)
  3. Identify the ravine affected areas in India and discuss the environmental and economic impact of their reclamation. (300 Words)

ANSWERS

7. Geography 26/10/2013

QUESTIONS:26/10/2013 (Paper-I)

  1. Write a short note on the relevance of Distance Decay principle in India cities. (150 Words)
  2. “Though 70% of Indian population is rural, urban planning is crucial for the development of India.” Discuss (300 Words)
  3. Write a note on the effect of above normal Monsoon rainfall in the Eastern Himalayan Agro Climatic region. (150 Words)
  4. Quantitative revolution and model building provided an empirical basis for geographical research.” Elaborate (300 Words)

ANSWERS

6. Geography 25/10/2013

QUESTIONS: 25/10/2013 – Paper-I

  1. Write a short note on the similarities in the population distribution of Southern continents and reasons for the same (150 Words)
  2. Impact of changing fertility ratio on world population distribution. (250 Words)
  3. Locational significance of Panama canal to Central American countries. (150 Words)

WRITE HERE

5. Geography 24/10/2013

QUESTIONS: 24/10/2013 (Paper-I – Regional Planning/Environmental Geography; Political Geography)

  1. Discus the relevance of watershed as an ecosystem for the purpose of sustainable development. (300 Words)
  2. Distinguish between boundaries and frontiers. Identify different types of boundaries. (300 Words)

WRITE HERE

4. Geography – Daily Answer Writing Challenge Day-4

QUESTIONS: 23/10/2013 

  1. How do slums develop? Give concrete suggestion for their development. (300 Words)
  2. Discus the geographical control of rural settlement patterns in India.(300 Words)
  3. Bring out the trends in the development of fertilizer industry in India.(300 Words)

WRITE HERE

3.   Geography – Daily Answer Writing Challenge Day – 3

QUESTIONS: 22/10/2013 (Paper-II, Topics – Migration-Regional DevelopmentUrbanization)

  1. Discuss the spatial pattern of intra-regional migration in India and examine its implications in Regional Development. (300 Words)
  2. Discuss the problems of environmental degradation generated by Urban wastes in India. (300 Words)

WRITE HERE

2.  Geography – Daily Answer Writing Challenge Day – 2

QUESTIONS; 21/10/2013 (Paper-II -Topics: Industries; Planning)

  1. Bring out the impact of multinationals and liberalization on the industrial pattern/ economy of India. ( 300 Words)
  2. Explain the concept of multi-level planning in India. (300 Words)

WRITE HERE

1. Geography – Daily Answer Writing Challenge Day – 1

QUESTIONS: 19/10/2013 (PAPER-II: Topics – 2. Resources – Water; 6. Cultural setting – Population problems..)

  1. Assess as to how surface water utilization affects food production and food security in the country. (2010/300 Words)
  2. Explain how Demographic Transition created Demographic Divide in contemporary India? (2010/300 Words)

WRITE HERE

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